Safe driving tips

Safe Driving

Fatigue

  • Lowers concentration levels and extends reaction time.
  • Reduces hearing ability.
How to prevent driving fatigue:
  • Take a minimum 15-minute break after driving for two hours and stretch.
  • Don’t eat too much.
  • Don’t stare at the centerline of the road all the time.
  • Keep the vehicle well ventilated and at a comfortable temperature.

Impaired states

Sickness and medications can affect your driving
  • Your focus on the road can be severely reduced by pain or strong emotional situations.
  • If you are taking medication and are unsure about its effects, consult your doctor or pharmacist before driving.
Don’t drive under the influence of alcohol
  • Do not consume any alcohol before you drive and be aware of the legal limits.
  • Designate a driver or hire a taxi if you have consumed alcohol.

General advice in emergency situations

  • Remain calm and do not panic; it will help you make rational, calm decisions.
  • Try to brake in a straight line if possible.
  • If you are driving at a high speed when the emergency occurs, try to avoid sudden steering since it may result in accidents that can otherwise be avoided.
  • You can steer far more effectively at slower speeds. Slow down as much as possible to reduce the impact of a potential collision.
  • Your main priority is to save lives. If an accident is unavoidable, take priority actions that ensure the safety of human life first.
  • Turn on your hazard lights as soon as possible.
  • Make sure you have emergency numbers and insurance numbers on hand at all times.

Regaining steering control

  • Release the gas pedal gently.
  • Steer the car in the direction where the back of the car is sliding.
  • Shift to a lower gear quickly and use the engine to slow down.
  • Turn on hazard lights as quickly as you can until you regain control.
  • Apply hand brake if necessary.

Brakes are not working

  • Hold the steering wheel firmly.
  • If this happens before entering a turn, try to control the direction first.
  • Then try to slow down: shift down gears step by step to slow down.
  • Use the handbrake/emergency brake to stop the car if the speed is below 20 mph.
  • Turn on your hazard lights if applicable.
  • Use upward slopes or hills to help stop the car.
  • If your brakes stop working when going up a hill, shift quickly to lower gear, then use the handbrake/emergency brake to park the car.
  • If available, park in an emergency parking lane, or hard shoulder. If not, then park away from fast traffic and ensure your hazard lights are turned on.
How to avoid it:
  • Test brakes before your trip.
  • Always test your brakes when you first start down a steep hill or if you have driven through deep water.

Tire blowout

Note on the video:

The footage is shot at a professional course with a professional driver and tire-explosive testing equipment.

  • The loud noise will surprise you but try to stay calm.
  • Always keep both hands on the steering wheel and grip firmly. This may save your life in case of a sudden rapid deflation.
  • Don’t slam the brakes, keep your foot on the gas to maintain the momentum of the vehicle.
  • Keep the direction of the car as straight as possible.
  • Brake slowly to maintain control of the vehicle and lower the speed.
  • Bring the car to a stop in a safe place.

Material to keep in the car

  • Tire gauge to measure the pressure of your tires
  • Spare tire and jack
  • Motor oil
  • Jumper cables
  • Flashlight
  • Roadside flares
  • Blankets and gloves
  • First aid kit
  • Bottles of water, snack bars and nonperishable food

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